SpringBoot下整合Hibernate(非JPA)并实现Transaction

2021-07-08 39点热度 0人点赞 0条评论

本篇介绍如何在SpringBoot下整合Hibernate,数据操作层不使用JPA,而是使用Hibernate,并实现事物管理(Transaction),以MySQL为例,其他数据库只要修改相关的Connector即可。

pom增加依赖

pom.xml增加hibernate相关,如下,主要增加hibernate, mysql:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
         xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 https://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
    <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>
    <parent>
        <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
        <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-parent</artifactId>
        <version>2.5.2</version>
        <relativePath/> <!-- lookup parent from repository -->
    </parent>
    <groupId>com.terrynow</groupId>
    <artifactId>test</artifactId>
    <version>0.0.1-SNAPSHOT</version>
    <name>test</name>
    <description>test</description>
    <properties>
        <java.version>8</java.version>
    </properties>
    <dependencies>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-web</artifactId>
        </dependency>

        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-data-jpa</artifactId>
        </dependency>

        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.hibernate</groupId>
            <artifactId>hibernate-core</artifactId>
            <version>5.4.3.Final</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.hibernate</groupId>
            <artifactId>hibernate-validator</artifactId>
            <version>6.0.13.Final</version>
        </dependency>

        <dependency>
            <groupId>mysql</groupId>
            <artifactId>mysql-connector-java</artifactId>
            <scope>runtime</scope>
        </dependency>


    </dependencies>

    <build>
        <plugins>
            <plugin>
                <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
                <artifactId>spring-boot-maven-plugin</artifactId>
            </plugin>
        </plugins>
    </build>

</project>

application.properties修改

增加数据源datasource的配置,以及hibernate的一些配置如下:

spring.datasource.driver-class-name=com.mysql.cj.jdbc.Driver
spring.datasource.url=jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/test_db?allowPublicKeyRetrieval=true&autoReconnect=true&useUnicode=true&characterEncoding=UTF-8&useSSL=false&serverTimezone=GMT%2B8
spring.datasource.username=root
spring.datasource.password=

spring.jpa.show-sql=true
spring.jpa.hibernate.ddl-auto=none
spring.jpa.properties.hibernate.dialect=org.hibernate.dialect.MySQLDialect
spring.jpa.properties.hibernate.current_session_context_class=org.springframework.orm.hibernate5.SpringSessionContext

SpringApplication修改

import org.hibernate.SessionFactory;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication;
import org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.SpringBootApplication;
import org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.data.jpa.JpaRepositoriesAutoConfiguration;
import org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.jdbc.DataSourceAutoConfiguration;
import org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.orm.jpa.HibernateJpaAutoConfiguration;
import org.springframework.boot.builder.SpringApplicationBuilder;
import org.springframework.boot.web.servlet.support.SpringBootServletInitializer;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Bean;
import org.springframework.core.env.Environment;
import org.springframework.jdbc.datasource.DriverManagerDataSource;
import org.springframework.orm.hibernate5.HibernateTransactionManager;
import org.springframework.orm.hibernate5.LocalSessionFactoryBean;
import org.springframework.transaction.annotation.EnableTransactionManagement;

import javax.sql.DataSource;
import java.util.Properties;

// 排除 DataSource, JPARepositories, HibernateJpa 的自动配置
@SpringBootApplication(exclude = {
        DataSourceAutoConfiguration.class,
        JpaRepositoriesAutoConfiguration.class,
        HibernateJpaAutoConfiguration.class })
// 开启事务管理
@EnableTransactionManagement(proxyTargetClass = true)
public class MyApplication extends SpringBootServletInitializer {

    @Autowired
    private Environment env;

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        SpringApplication.run(MyApplication.class, args);
    }

    @Override
    protected SpringApplicationBuilder configure(SpringApplicationBuilder builder) {
        return builder.sources(MyApplication.class);
    }

    @Bean(name = "dataSource")
    public DataSource getDataSource() {
        DriverManagerDataSource dataSource = new DriverManagerDataSource();

        // application.properties 要有相数据源的配置
        dataSource.setDriverClassName(env.getProperty("spring.datasource.driver-class-name"));
        dataSource.setUrl(env.getProperty("spring.datasource.url"));
        dataSource.setUsername(env.getProperty("spring.datasource.username"));
        dataSource.setPassword(env.getProperty("spring.datasource.password"));

        return dataSource;
    }

    @Autowired
    @Bean(name = "sessionFactory")
    public SessionFactory getSessionFactory(DataSource dataSource) throws Exception {
        Properties properties = new Properties();

        // application.properties 要有相关hibernate的配置
        properties.put("hibernate.dialect", env.getProperty("spring.jpa.properties.hibernate.dialect"));
        properties.put("hibernate.show_sql", env.getProperty("spring.jpa.show-sql"));
        properties.put("current_session_context_class", env.getProperty("spring.jpa.properties.hibernate.current_session_context_class"));


        // Fix Postgres JPA Error:
        // Method org.postgresql.jdbc.PgConnection.createClob() is not yet implemented.
        // properties.put("hibernate.temp.use_jdbc_metadata_defaults",false);

        LocalSessionFactoryBean factoryBean = new LocalSessionFactoryBean();

        // 这里修改下,改成需要扫描Entity的类
        factoryBean.setPackagesToScan(new String[]{"com.terrynow.app.entity"});
        factoryBean.setDataSource(dataSource);
        factoryBean.setHibernateProperties(properties);
        factoryBean.afterPropertiesSet();
        //
        SessionFactory sf = factoryBean.getObject();
        return sf;
    }

    @Autowired
    @Bean(name = "transactionManager")
    public HibernateTransactionManager getTransactionManager(SessionFactory sessionFactory) {
        HibernateTransactionManager transactionManager = new HibernateTransactionManager(sessionFactory);

        return transactionManager;
    }
}

新建DAO类

interface接口类,我就省略不写了

@Component("systemDao")
public class SystemDaoImpl implements ISystemDao {
    @Autowired
    private SessionFactory sessionFactory;

    @Override
    public Account getAccountById(long accountId) {
        return sessionFactory.getCurrentSession().get(Account.class, accountId);
    }
}

新建Service类

同样interface省略,这里是可以进行事物处理的,如果操作多个dao,可以自动进行事物提交和回滚。

@Service("systemService")
@Transactional(readOnly = false)
@Repository
public class SystemServiceImpl implements ISystemService {

    private static final Log log = LogFactory.getLog(SystemServiceImpl.class);

    @Resource(name = "systemDao")
    private ISystemDao systemDao;

    @Override
    public Account getAccount(long accountId) {
        //简单起见,随便操作一下数据库
        return systemDao.getAccountById(accountId);
    }
}

调用service

接下来就可以在controller中调用service了

@RestController
@RequestMapping("/system")
public class SystemController {

    @Resource(name = "systemService")
    private ISystemService systemService;

    @RequestMapping("/test")
    public ModelAndView test(@RequestParam(value = "id", required = true) long id) {
        ModelAndView model = new ModelAndView();
        model.addObject("account", systemService.getAccountById(id))
        model.setViewName("/test");
        return model;
    }
}

 

 

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